India is the world’s second-largest telecommunications market, with over 1.2 billion subscribers as of September 2017. Availability of affordable smartphones and lower rates are expected to drive growth in the Indian telecom industry.
With 70 per cent of the population staying in rural areas, the rural market would be a key growth driver in the coming years. The government of India has introduced Digital India programme under which all the sectors such as healthcare, retail, etc. will be connected through internet [Also Read – Facebook 10 years technology roadmap]
Government’s proposed telecom policy statement of 2018
Based on the Consultation Paper on Inputs for Formulation of National Telecom Policy – 2018 ‘Department of Telecommunications (DoT), on its web-site, has stated that the new telecom policy will be governed by the key guiding principle of alignment with the national vision.’
Based on the draft NTP 2018, an important objective is to attract an investment equivalent to USD 100 billion in communication sector. [Also Read – Open source cost reduction for telcos] The policy also propose certain measures to achieve this objective including
- By making available finance for communication infrastructure projects (iways) at par with other connectivity infrastructure sectors like Roadways, Railways, Waterways, Airways etc
- By working towards One Nation – One License for services;
- Review of license and regulatory compliance costs on licensees keeping in view the international practices
- By developing a network readiness index for States/ UTs to address RoW challenges
- By mapping telecom infrastructure assets like OFC cables, common service ducts and towers on NIC’s National GIS Platform;
- By reduce entry barriers to promote R&D, innovation, and Startups in the sector
- By developing digitally skilled human resources in the country;
The other strategies also should be noted for attracting investments such as
- To enable access for connecting to 10 billion IoT/ M2M sensors/devices [Also read – Tata’s market share in Indian telecom]
- To develop 10 million public Wi-Fi hotspots in the country
- Incomes have risen at a brisk pace in India and will continue rising given the country’s strong economic growth prospects (per capita income US$1,611.40 in FY17)
- FDI cap in the telecom sector has been increased to 100 per cent from 74 per cent; out of 100 per cent, 49 per cent will be done through automatic route and the rest will be done through the FIPB approval route
- In May 2017, the central government announced the Phased Manufacturing Programme (PMP) to promote domestic production of mobile handsets. This initiative will help in building a robust indigenous mobile manufacturing ecosystem in India, and incentivise large scale manufacturing
- In May 2017, the Ministry of Telecommunication launched the Indian Mobile Congress 2017 (IMC 2017), the first and biggest platform in the country to bring all the stakeholders together from Telecom, Internet and Mobility ecosystem along with ICT players, app developers, innovators and start-ups.
Cumulative FDI inflows into the telecom sector over April 2000 – September 2017, totalled to US$ 30.03 billion. To encourage cash economy, Indian government announced to provide free Wi-fi to more than 1000 gram panchayats
The skill development program in telecom sector also crucial for this sectors development with emerging trends such as 5G, IoT, Cloud, SDN/NFV, etc.
In May 2017, Microsoft India signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Telcom Sector Skill Council (TSSC) to encourage skill development through “Project Sangam”. The Department of Information Technology intends to set up over 1 million internet-enabled common service centres across India as per the National e-Governance Plan.
For Telecom operators end-to-end management of the hybrid network they need to accelerate efforts to move to a DevOps model. This will expand the network architecture knowledge base among employees and help lower the organizational culture barrier inhibiting the use of NFV/SDN. Like wise with new technology like 400G, vendors need economies of scale to continue to innovate as the cost of development continues to grow as the technology gets more complex. [Also Read – Operators to become Digital Service Providers]